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Life: Biology, Genetics, Origins

HEWS, Humanitarian Early Warning Service

What Is Life? - Wikipedia - What Is Life? is a non-fiction book on science for the lay reader written by physicist Erwin Schrödinger - What is Life - Edwin Schrodinger - Google Docs

A New Thermodynamics Theory of the Origin of Life | Quanta Magazine

- Information Theory And The Origin of Life The nature of information places important new limits on how the first living things must have emerged - life is fundamentally a phenomenon of information ... a state that differs from maximum entropy by a deficit that is equivalent to the information they contain. A characteristic feature of living systems is that they can maintain this difference indefinitely.

Seed: The Meaning of Life
Misperceptions meet state of the art in evolution research: The state of the art in the RNA world
Exploring Life's Origins: What is RNA?

Why Life Does Not Really Exist | Brainwaves, Scientific American Blog Network

PLOS Biology: A Peer-Reviewed Open-Access Journal
PLoS Journals Poverty Collection
Faculty of 1000: Expert opinions on key papers in biology and medicine
Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine

Amazing Cells | Cell Size and Scale (DN compared to a coffee bean!)
Molecular Movies - A Portal to Cell & Molecular Animation
The Cell: An Image Library
The Human Genome Project: Exploring Our Molecular Selves
The Human Genome
human_genome_final.jpg: The Human Genome: The Blueprint of Life
What is the difference between the human genome and a pair of headphones? | Not Exactly Rocket Science | Discover Magazine
Edge Master Class 2009: A Short Course On Synthetic Genomics [7.30.09] George Church & J. Craig Venter
SNPedia - SNPedia SNPedia is a wiki investigating human genetics. We share information about the effects of variations in DNA, citing peer-reviewed scientific publications. It is used by Promethease to analyze and help explain your DNA. programs of the U.S. Department of Energy
Margaret M. Loos: Genetics
Patterns in Genome Organization May Partially Explain How Microbial Cells Work [News & Events]
jolecule - the truly web-based protein viewer - all your work saved to the cloud - and no plugins needed.
MicrobeWiki - MicrobeWiki
Watch a single cell become a complete organism in six pulsing minutes of timelapse | Aeon Videos : videos
What Is DNA? Everything You Need To Know - MyBioSource

Encyclopedia of Life
Encyclopedia of Life: FAQs Encyclopedia of Life: video tour
YouTube - The Encyclopedia of Life: intro on youtube
YouTube - E.O. Wilson: TED Prize wish: Help build the Encyclopedia of Life
The operating system of life - George Zaidan and Charles Morton - YouTube

RCSB Protein Data Bank
The Virtual Cell
xvivo | Press: Scientific Animation: Inner Life of the Cell
Studio Daily | Cellular Visions: The Inner Life of a Cell
Hybrid Medical Animation - About Us
Hybrid Medical Animation | Demo Reel 2008
Hybrid Medical Animation - Pathology of RA
Body Code | Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research
About WEHI.TV | Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research
Molecular Movies - A Portal to Cell and Molecular Animation
HHMI's BioInteractive
Digizyme - Web & Multimedia Design for the Sciences
Adrian Elcock's Movies
YouTube - Cellular Respiration Part 1 - The Cell And Energy .avi
Seyet LLC - Bacteriophage T4
innerSuper: Inner Life of the Cell
The Mitochondria
Biomolecular Illustration and Education
The Machinery of Life
Inside a Eukaryotic Cell
Illustrations for Public Use
Macrophage and Bacterium 2,000,000X
Cell Biology Animation
All the Virology on the WWW
Cell Cycle: An Interactive Animation
Biology Online: Tutorials: Cells, Genetics, Growth, Regulation, Adaptation
Biology Online: Cell Biology Tutorial
Biology Online: Dictionary of Biology
BIODIDAC: A bank of digital resources for teaching biology
New Scientist Life's top 10 greatest inventions - Features
NCBI: Bookshelf - Online biomedical books
Journal of Visualized Experiments
JoVE: Journal of Visualized Experiments - Biological Experiments and Protocols on Video

OneZoom: Archaea and Eukaryotes
Tree of Life Web Project
Evolution The Great Tree of Life
YouTube - Charles Darwin and the tree of life (SUB ENG) - part 5
Tree of Life (PDF, zoom in)
TCeQi.gif : Life's Family Tree
The World's Biomes
Blue Planet Biomes - World Biomes
Microbiomes and Health: How We Colonize Each Other with Bacteria : The New Yorker - A Roller Derby of Bacteria
Say Hello to the 100 Trillion Bacteria That Make Up Your Microbiome - - Michael Pollan
The Human Microbiome: A Rogue's Gallery | QUEST

Morgan: multimedia tutorial that covers the basic principles of genetics
Cell Biology: Interactive Learning Topics
Cytochemistry, Microanatomy, Endocrinology
Mitomap: A human mitochondrial genome database
NDI: Biology/Genetics Terminology
Cell: The Fundamental Unit of Life: Inside the Cell
Protein Kinesis: Getting Proteins to Their Destination
YouTube - Protein synthesis: an epic on the cellular level
SNPedia information about the effects of variations in DNA
Ribosome Structure and Function
Natural Toxins Research Center
Side-by-Side Amino Acids
CMU: Biological Sciences
Christophe Morin: The Mitochondrial Website
Andrew Gyles: Tracing Human Wanderings: Mitochondira and neruons - Y Chromosome
Mitochonrial Research
mitochondria are the sites of respiration in eukaryote cells
Mitochondria: Architecture dictates function
Jim Kimball's Biology Pages: Online Biology Textbook
Gene Translation: RNA -> Protein
Secret life of RNA- Stanford Medicine Magazine
YouTube - Molecular Visualizations of DNA
Like a subway map, for SNIPs | MetaFilter
Postive and negative feedback in endocrine system
The Practical Alientolmologist: Observing and Understanding the World of Aliens and their Insect Kin

John Kryk: Cell Biology Animations | the mitochondrion
Loom: Zimmer: Tree of Life, c. 2006 (nice big jpg)
The Genetic Code
OMIM - Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man
Biological & Chemical Resources
ExPASy Proteomics Server | ExPASy - Biochemical Pathways - Metabolic Pathways
KEGG Encyclopedia
KEGG PATHWAY: Metabolic pathways - Reference pathway
Visible Human Server (Human Anatomy)
ARTnatomy | ARTnatomía
Welcome to Anatomical Travelogue Inc.
Anatomy for beginners
Dream Anatomy: A National Library of Medicine Exhibit
Virtual Hospital: Atlas of Human Anatomy
Autopsy: Life and Death from
Anatomical Chart Company
Think Anatomy
Skeletal Drawing: A History of Skeletal Drawings: Part 1 (pre-20th century)
Duke Library Exhibits Animated Anatomies

Google Body - Google Labs
Human Body Maps | 3D Models of the Human Anatomy
Susan Potter gave her body to science. Her cadaver became immortal. (virtual cadaver)

Amino acid properties
The Left Handed DNA Hall of Fame - Tom Schneider
DNA Profiling
PBS: How Far Will the DNA Revolution Go?
Embryo Images Online
Video of the First 24 Hours of an Embryo's Cells | Wired Science from
YouTube - DNA Replication
Pathogenic Microbiology | Microbe of the Week: Nitrosomonas europaea
Medical Microbiology
Molecular Biology Software Links
Atlas of the Biosphere worldchanging: entry: Atlas of the Biosphere
Organ System Pathology
Glass Microbiology | Luke Jerram
YouTube - Molecular Visualizations of DNA
Eye of Science: spectacular microphotography
RNA world hypothesis - Wikipedia
BBC - Science & Nature - Human Body and Mind
Integrative Biology 131 - Lecture 01: Organization of Body - Google Video
The Richard Dimbleby Lecture 2007 | Dr. J. Craig Venter
Circos - circularly composited genome data and annotation generator
Welcome to Ask a Biologist
Hybrid Medical Animation | Animation | Interactive Heart
GetBodySmart: Interactive Tutorials and Quizzes On Human Anatomy and Physiology

Nature, the IT Wizard - Issue 7: Waste - Nautilus
YouTube - 9 - Human Ancestry Made Easy
History of evolutionary thought - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Evolution Resources From the National Academies
Science, Evolution, and Creationism
YouTube - cdk007's Channel - Evolution Videos
Polypterus / - evolution and religion
The Evolution of Evolution Theory and Its Controversies | Wolfe | Expositions
Exploring Life's Origins: A Virtual Exhibit
Daniel R Brooks (1988) Evolution as entropy: toward a Unified Theory of Biology - Google Book Search
Instant Expert: Human Evolution - 24 August 2006 - New Scientist (great collection of resources)
Modern Darwins — National Geographic Magazine
Review - Darwinian Reductionism - Philosophy
Evolution: The next 200 years - life - 28 January 2009 - New Scientist
Did Charles Darwin believe in racial inequality? - Features, Books - The Independent
the preservation of favoured traces | ben fry (Six editions of Origin of Species)
Darwin's Beagle library
Darwin Online: Browse Darwin's Papers
Biodiversity Heritage Library - Darwin's Library
Darwin at Downe - home page
Richard Dawkins: The Genius of Charles Darwin (Episode 1 of 3)
On Darwin’s ‘On the Origin of Species’ - Interactive Feature -
From Helix to Hologram: An Ode on the Human Genome: Biochemistry to Biophysics Annals of Science: Darwin’s Surprise: The New Yorker: Why are evolutionary biologists bringing back extinct deadly viruses? (eight per cent of the human genome)
YouTube - Human evolution and missing links (Meet the family)
BBC - Radio 4 - Darwin
Charlie Rose - E.O. Wilson & James Watson on Charles Darwin
Freeman Dyson: Carl Woese: The Darwinian Interlude
ScienceMatters @ Berkeley: Boning Up On Human Evolution by David Pescovitz
Biology News - Your Source for everything Biology - Current events in Biology, Molecular Biology Articles, Cell Biology, Stem Cell Research
Science News Articles Current from Science Writer David Bradley: Chemistry, Physics, Life Sciences
Molecular Model Sets: Molymod Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry, Stereochemistry, Inorganic Chemsitry
The Barcode of Life
news @ - Cress overturns textbook genetics - Surprise finding shows that plants rewrite genetic code.
What Color Eyes Would Your Children Have?
The Genetics of Human Eye Color
Man, chimps share genes / Comparison of genomes shows thousands are virtually identical
New classification of eukaryotes has implications for AIDS treatment, agriculture and beyond
Pharyngula::A book list for evolutionists
by Gert Korthof: Introduction to Was Darwin Wrong? Introduction to the Evolution literature *
Darwin's Dangerous Idea. (Daniel Dennett)
Was Darwin Wrong? - The critics of evolution - Gert Korthof.
Seed: Extending Darwinism
Darwin Correspondence Project
Goosing the Antithesis: Disproving the belief in consilience
Stephen Jay Gould, "Nonoverlapping Magisteria," 1997
The Unofficial Stephen Jay Gould Archive
Evolution: Change: Deep Time - Mozilla Firefox
In Search of Deep Time: Beyond the Fossil Record to a New History of Life
Understanding Evolution For Teachers | Welcome to Evolution 101!
evolution – what next?: timeline of evolution
Evolution Web Companion
The New York Review of Books: Evolving Evolution

Unintelligent Design - Discover Magazine viruses, long regarded as lowly evolutionary latecomers, may have been the precursors of all life on Earth Wong's Virology!

YouTube - The Human Eye is NOT Irreducibly Complex!
The New Atlantis - The Promise and Perils of Synthetic Biology - Jonathan B. Tucker and Raymond A. Zilinskas > First Trimester Fetal Development - week 1 through week 14
In Explaining Life's Complexity, Darwinists and Doubters Clash - New York Times
History and Evolution (Darwin critic/Eonic effect)
Bad Astronomy Blog Are we aliens? (spermatogenesis)
RIP Article So You Think You Are a Darwinian? By David Stove
RIP Article: I Rather Think I Am A Darwinian By Simon Blackburn
RIP Article: James Franklin: Stove's Anti-Darwinism
Metapsychology Online Reviews - The Robot's Rebellion: Finding Meaning in the Age of Darwin by Keith E. Stanovich
Humans are evolving rapidly | MetaFilter
Scientists Say Humans Evolving Rapidly
Are Humans Evolving Faster?
Recent acceleration of human adaptive evolution John Hawks, Eric T. Wang, Gregory M. Cochran , Henry C. Harpending , and Robert K. Moyzis
Greg Laden's Blog : Study Suggests Increased Rate of Human Adaptive Evolution
Genome study places modern humans in the evolutionary fast lane (Dec. 10, 2007)
human evolution rate - Google Search
Psychology, Anthropology, and a Science of Human Beings | The Evolution Institute - Scott Atran
John Hawks Anthropology Weblog : Human evolution has accelerated
John Hawks Anthropology Weblog | Mind-body problem, causation in biology
John Hawks Anthropology Weblog : Recent human brain evolution and population differences
Resources for a History of Anthropology
Dienekes Pontikos: Racial Anthropology Series: human biological differences and similarities at the population level
Evidence: case study in human origins
Max Planck Institute Leipzig | Homepage human origins at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology i
Review - Subjects of the World - Genetics and Evolution - Darwin's Rhetoric and the Study of Agency in Nature (radical naturalism +no free will)
PaleoAnthropology Journal Homepage

Judith Hooper: Atlantic 02/1999: Revolutionary New Germ Therory

Deep Time Maps -- Paleographic maps

Gregory Cochran, Jason Hardy, Henry Harpending: Natural History of Ashkenazi Intelligence
Researchers Say Intelligence and Diseases May Be Linked in Ashkenazic Genes - New York Times
Some Thoughts about Jews, IQ and Nobel Laureates

Startling study on toxins' harm -- disorders can be passed on without genetic mutations
The writings of Charles Darwin on the web
Charles Darwin: an Overview
J. William Schopf: "Discovery of Earth's Earliest Fossils: Solution to Darwin's Dilemma"
Susanne Lohmann: Darwinian Medicine for the University

First evidence that prenatal exposure to famine may lead to persistent epigenetic changes - Biology Online
The High Price of Hunger - Victims of War Famine Provide Prenatal Clues to Schizophrenia
NOVA | scienceNOW | Epigenetics | PBS
Dynamic Changes In DNA Linked To Human Diabetes
Science Functional Genomics Resources: Epigenetics
DNA methylation

Research on relative species abundance provides new theoretical foundation
World Community Grid - Home
Earth Guide
Overview Of The Nature Of Order
Internet Archive: Details: Author: Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth, 1860-1948: On growth and form
Constructal Theory Web Portal
Constructal theory - Wikipedia
The Open Source Teaching Project: Adrian Bejan, Ph.D.
Faculty Listing | Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science: Adrian Bejan
Constructal Theory: Introduction to the Inverse of Biomimicry : TreeHugger
A Different Universe By Robert B. Laughlin - Google Book Search
Pharyngula: Altenberg 2008 is over
Scoop: Stuart Newman, The New Master Of Evolution?

Massimo Pigliucci’s Evolutionary Ecology Lab
Rat Behavior and Biology
Why everything you've been told about evolution is wrong | Science | The Guardian (finally mentions Fodor and Piattelli-Palmarini in the 127th paragraph - see below)
Beyond a 'Darwin was wrong' headline | Comment is free | The media love to give undue coverage to flimsy attacks on evolutionary science. And leave others to clean up the mess
Boston Review — Ned Block and Philip Kitcher: Misunderstanding Darwin Misunderstanding Darwin: Natural selection’s secular critics get it wrong What Darwin Got Wrong by Jerry Fodor and Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini review: Ned Block and Philip Kitcher
Boston Review — “Misunderstanding Darwin”: An Exchange Jerry Fodor and Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini - Science Saturday: Who Got What Wrong? (What Darwin Got Wrong, or what Foder got wrong)
Leiter Reports: A Philosophy Blog: Fodor v. Sober on Natural Selection and Laws on Bloggingheads TV Fodor v. Sober on Natural Selection and Laws on Bloggingheads TV
Counterfactual Theories of Causation (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Review - Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology - Philosophy
The Journal of Evolutionary Philosophy - Evolution and Meaning
Darwin's Living Legacy--Evolutionary Theory 150 Years Later: Scientific American
At Home in the Universe. (Stuart Kauffman). The secret of life is auto-catalysis review by Gert Korthof
Edge: Stuart Kauffman: The Adjacent Possible
The World Question Center 2009— Stuart Kauffman: The biosphere self consistently co-constructs itself into its every changing, unstatable Adjacent Possible.
TSRI: Self-Organized Autocatalytic Networks
Ronald de Sousa: Time and Individuality in Artificial Life
Mushroom Life
Game of Life Status page International Species Information System
WWF's WildFinder Lets You Search for Animals by Species and Place - Find What Animals Live Near You
Search the AnAge Database: species/taxon lifespan database
HHMI's BioInteractive
What Is The Great Story?
"rule 110" lawsuit Wolfram
Harold V. McIntosh: Rule 110 as it Relates to the Presence of Gliders
Mirek Wojtowicz: Mirek's Cellebration: 1D and 2D Cellular Automata explorer
Cellular Automata rules lexicon: Family: Generations: Charles A. Rockafellor: Circuit Genesis International Society for Artifical Life
EvoNet - the European Network of Excellence in Evolutionary Computing
Jaime J Fernandez: The Genetic Programming Notebook
IlliGAL: Illinois Genetic Algorithms Laboratory A source of information about the field of genetic programming
Logic Systems Laboratory: bio-inspired computing machines and programs & biologically inspired robots The Digital Biology Project | Karl Sims: Genetic Arts
The Temple of Alife
Jeffrey Ventrella: The Art in Artifical Life
Atoms: Simulated physics using virtual atoms
sodarace links
Fossil Horses in Cyberspace
Framsticks: Artifical Life for Real People
Adam and His Eves: evidence for polygyny
Genetic Evidence for Unequal Effective Population Sizes of Human Females and Males
The delayed rise of present-day mammals - challenge the hypothesis that the end-Cretaceous mass extinction event had a major, direct influence on the diversification of todays mammals
species-level phylogeny of nearly all extant Mammalia (no KT boundary explosion)
There was no such thing as hell on Earth | SpaceRef - Your Space Reference

AAA Statement on "Race" (May 17, 1998)
"How Heritability Misleads about Race" by Ned Block
Foreign Dispatches: Heritability, Lies and Stupidity
Brad DeLong's Semi-Daily Journal: Ongoing Human Evolution
Ernst Mayr on Race
The New York Times > Opinion > Op-Ed Contributor: A Family Tree in Every Gene (reg/req/bugmenot)
Harvard Magazine: Edward 0. Wilson: Intelligent Evolution
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - Behavioural-Genetic Perspectives on Personality Function - April 2001

Richard Dawkins: Where d'you get those peepers: Evolution of the Eye
G-Files: Dawkins-Gould (and others) debates
RIP Article - Printer Friendly In Defence of Selfish Genes By Richard Dawkins (smackdown of Mary Midgley)
Dawkins: The Information Challenge (The Genetic Book of the Dead)
Edge 221 Richard Dawkins - Freeman Dyson: An Exchange
Blind Watchmaker Applet
YouTube - Evolution IS a Blind Watchmaker
Philosophy Now | Purpose, Meaning & Darwinism

Sandwalk: What Is a Gene? A gene is a DNA sequence that is transcribed to produce a functional product.
Sandwalk: The Richard Dawkins Definition of a Gene Is Seriously Flawed
RICHARD LEWONTIN: Billions and Billions of Demons January 9, 1997 - NY Times Book Reviews - The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark by Carl Sagan
It’s Even Less in Your Genes by Richard C. Lewontin | The New York Review of Books
What Genes Can’t Tell Us: An Exchange by William D. Foulkes, Hugh Young Rienhoff Jr., and Philip D. Hansten | The New York Review of Books

What Is A Gene? A Complete Guide To Genes - MyBioSource Learning Center

Sub-Department of Evolution
The descent of the antibody-based immune system by gradual evolution -- Klein and Nikolaidis, 10.1073/pnas.0408480102 -- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The Panda's Thumb: Happy New Year, ID movement! (ID and Evol. Immunology)
Immune Attack Home
The Whale and the Antibody: Corante > The Loom >
Cell -- Dorus et al.: Accelerated Evolution of Nervous System Genes in the Origin of Homo sapiens
Daily Kos: Major evolution observed in a lab
What Happened When Humans Met An 'Alien' Intelligence? Sex Happened : Krulwich Wonders... : NPR
Were Neanderthals a different species? | Genetic Literacy Project
Mark of the Neanderthal - The Washington Post - Except for Africans, modern humans bear a trace of Neanderthal ancestry.
Human and Neanderthal love affair is traced back to Israel, 55,000 years ago - The Washington Post
Of Stem Cells and Neanderthals: Corante > The Loom >
Modern humans, Neanderthals shared earth for 1,000 years. 01/09/2005. ABC News Online
Neanderthal-Human Babies | MetaFilter
Neanderthals were separate species, new study finds - Yahoo! News
The Mysterious Downfall of the Neandertals: Scientific American
Neanderthal Brain Size at Birth Sheds Light on Human Evolution – National Geographic News Watch

10.27.2005 - Picky female frogs drive evolution of new species in less than 8,000 years
The Devolab at MSU: Digital Evolution
Table of Nations and Genealogy of Mankind: Biblical Viewpoint
New Scientist Charity begins at Homo sapiens - Features
Research News: Fossil Records Show Biodiversity Comes and Goes
'Evolutionary leaps' questioned
Human evolution at the crossroads - -
The New York Review of Books: Evolving Evolution
Biology's next revolution : Article : Nature : microbes as gene-swapping collectives
Metapsychology Online Reviews - Genetics and Evolution - Review - Making Sense of Evolution The Conceptual Foundations of Evolutionary Biology - Drew Endy on DNA Synthesis and Bioengineering: Designing and Building Organisms: Simple As Writing Code

Robert Rosen: Hyperlinked Bibliography
Don Mikulecky: Murkywaters: Biology, Complexity, Networks, Life, Rosen
Don Mikulecky: Review of: "Essays on Life Itself" by Robert Rosen
W. B. Dress: Epistemology & Robert Rosen’s modeling relation
Hypertext Introduction to the Work of Robert Rosen and the New Science of Complexity
Mikulecky: Robert Rosen: The Well Posed Question and Its Answer: Why are Organisms Different from Machines
Interview with Robert Rosen
Robert Rosen - Understanding Life and Physics: A Genuinely New Kind of Science
VCU Rosen's Complexity Discussion Group
Rosen-L: Robert Rosen Mailing List/archives
Robert Rosen: Life Itself: Chapter Summaries
Rosen: Complexity Anticipation Theory (Robert Rosen)
Dr. Robert Rosen: Anticipatory Systems: General Introduction (PDF)
Dr. Robert Rosen: The Central Argument: The Limitations of Entailment in Machines and Mechanisms (PDF excerpt from Life Itself)
Anticipatory Systems
Amazon: Robert Rosen: Essays on Life Itself
Citeseer: Rosen, Robert: (1991) Life Itself
Robert Rosen: The Well Posed Question and Its Answer - Why Are Organisms Different From Machines?
ISBN's for Robert Rosen
Logic Modeling of Complex Systems
Complexity Digest 2004
Wikipedia: Theoretical ecology
Human Ecology: perspectives on biology and mathematics
Long Term Ecological Research Network
Level 7 QTO Review of the Rainbow and the Worm - In chapter six, she describes music nature composes for its Lila dance. It is a wide ranging score. Nature's known electromagnetic spectrum ranges from wavelengths of <10^-14 meters on its short end to >10^8 meters on its long end, a span of >10^22. This span corresponds to >2^73 frequency doublings or octaves. Nature's musical score for her Lila dance spans at least 73 octaves!
Exploring Emergence
NeuroQuantology: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Neuroscience and Quantum Physics
Cosmic Symmetry-breaking, Bifurcation, Fractality and Biogenesis
Liquid crystal phases of tiny DNA molecules point up new scenario for first life on Earth

The Visible Embryo
How Many Kingdoms?
ScienceDirect - Phylogeny of the five eukaryote kindoms endosymbiotic origin of chloropasts
Taxa Soken Web Page
American Museum of Natural History
California Academy of Sciences - Natural History
Infrared Zoo
DNA Interactive: all about DNA
The Language of DNA By Kurt P. Wise
Nature: double helix: 50 years of DNA | The Mona Lisa of modern science DNA From The Beginning: An animated primer on the basics of DNA, genes, and heredity
Inside Cancer - Multimedia Guide to Cancer Biology
Interactive Features - Featured Research - Children's Hospital Boston
Amgen - Pioneering New Frontiers in Tumor Angiogenesis
Biology Flash Animations: Shotgun Sequencing of Genomic DNA
NYU School of Medicine Virtual Microscope
Microscope Imaging Station: Gallery
Nikon Small World - Gallery
Wellcome Image Awards 2008 | Wellcome Image Awards 2008 - Techniques
Wellcome Library
TouchSpin Biology
genomic cartography: chromosome 21
Dienekes’ Anthropology Blog: Bottleneck in human Y-chromosomes in the last 10,000 years. - Most human mythologies contain stories of "first men" and eponymous founders of nations; these were often ridiculed in recent times as invented stories whose purpose was to engender social cohesion through a story of shared descent. But, now it seems that these stories were at least in part true, and such ultra-prolific patriarchs do indeed stand at the beginning of many later lines of descent.
Cephbase: database-driven web site on all living cephalopods
Y bother: men are doomed after all: 125,000 Years to Extinction: Women will be just fine
Herbert Gintis
California Academy of Sciences: Skulls
Ecosphere Colsed Ecosystem, Self Contained Aquaurium
Ron Hale-Evans: Memetics: A Systems Metabiology
Brembs: What Might Metabiology Be?
evolution: cooperation, behavioural ecology, Stephen Gould, Frans de Waal, Stephen Hawking
Lichens of North America
Lichen Education: Biology and Symbiosis
Nick Bostrom: The Simulation Argument: Are You Living In a Computer Simulation?
Hydrophobic compaction, curvature of space and deciphering protein sequences
KLI Theory Lab: A powerful scientific database
Creatures of the Deep
Digimorph: Digital Morphology library is a dynamic archive of information on digital morphology and high-resolution X-ray computed tomography of biological specimen
BARC | Digitised Diseases
Dream Anotomy
Human Impacts

A Global Map of Human Impacts to Marine Ecosystems | NCEAS
Marine Life Threats We Need to Be Seriously Concerned About

Guardian: Two-thirds of world's resources 'used up'
Into the Cool: Energy Flow, Thermodynamics and Life A new book by: Eric D. Schneider and Dorion Sagan
Edge: Paul W. Ewald
Wade Davis on the worldwide web of belief and ritual | Video on | Wade Davis on endangered cultures | Video on
YouTube - Matthieu Ricard: Habits of happiness
YouTube - The Ascent of Man: A Personal View - Jacob Brownoski

The energy expansions of evolution : Nature Ecology & Evolution

IPCC - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Final Report, CCSP Synthesis and Assessment Product 4.3: The effects of climate change on agriculture, land resources, water resources, and biodiversity
Abrupt Climate Change Paleo Perspective Story
Royal Society: Guide to facts and fictions about climate change
AMS Online Journals - Journal - American Meteorological Society
UIC News Release: Survey: Scientists Agree Human-Induced Global Warming is Real
Statistically Speaking: What Do Scientists Think About Climate Change? — The Green Grok
Survey: Scientists agree human-induced global warming is real
More Americans than ever believe global warming is ‘exaggerated’ by media (Foxnews)
When it comes to global warming Americans trust scientists most, family and friends second :: Start Here An Open Analysis of the Historical Temperature Record
Clear Climate Code - All-Python ccc-gistemp release

Climate change denial - Wikipedia
List of scientists opposing the mainstream scientific assessment of global warming - Wikipedia
Global warming controversy - Wikipedia
Scientific opinion on climate change - Wikipedia
GSS Climate Change Up-To-Date

Knowledge Planet :: Media Watch on Climate Change | The Geospatial Web
ECOresearch | Media Watch on Climate Change
Guardian Unlimited | Special reports | Warming hits 'tipping point'
Global Warming: Academic Index
Global Warming Hits New Orleans: The Controversy After the Storm Business - Top Stories - Global warming's £10 trillion cost
EPA : Global Warming : Resource Center : Publications : Sea Level Rise : Projected Impact of Relative Sea Level Rise on the National Flood Insurance Program
EPA : Global Warming : Where You Live : United States : States
Unprecedented: Climate Change Research Controversy on Capitol Hill
on Climate
WHOI: Abrupt Climate Change: Are We on the Brink of a New Little Ice Age?
Climate Change: Key findings of the Pentagon
Global WArming Facts & Our Future
Dispatches from the Vanishing World
Physics Today: Basic Choices and Constraints on Long-Term Energy Supplies
Climate: Media's Balance Tips To Bias
What'sUpWithThatWatts, et al.: Denierland's beacon of truth - The Thirteen Claims Exposed - Denierland's beacon of truth - The Thirteen Claims Exposed

Global Amphibian Assessment
Pressure points: 12 tipping points of climate change
Countdown to global catastrophe: Climate change: report warns point of no return may be reached in 10 years | Global Warming Is Good for You! | 2002-08-15
ClimatePrediction.Net gateway
Aliens Cause Global Warming: A lecture by Michael Crichton (schlockmeister pretending to be a scientist)
RealClimate » Michael Crichton’s State of Confusion
Warm Planet
Michael Crichton: Bad Science, Bad Fiction
RealClimate » The global cooling myth
Daily Mail -- Bellamy on Global Warming
George Monbiot » Junk Science: David Bellamy
Stewart Brand: Environmental Heresies
Brand vs. Romm

UNEP: Atlas of Our Changing Environment -- United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) | Selectra

Science: Oreskes: The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change
t r u t h o u t - Bill Moyers | On Receiving Harvard Med's Global Environment Citizen Award: Red States will get their apocalypse
RealClimate » Climate Science
Space News: Major Climate Change Occurred 5,200 Years Ago: Evidence Suggests That History Could Repeat Itself
Carl Zimmer: Article Archive
Moss Landing researchers reveal iron as key to climate change
The Blaschka Marine Invertebrates at Cornell University
oceanlink | marine and ocean sciences and fun
The Observer | International | New US move to spoil climate accord
RealClimate » The Wall Street Journal vs. The Scientific Consensus
New Scientist News - Climate warning as Siberia melts
news @ - Trees don't suck up carbon dioxide as hoped - Forests do not get a growth spurt from greenhouse gas
Session: The Last Great Global Warming: Proxy Reconstructions and Modeling the Pliocene Climate

Earth History

Oceanic Hydrates an elusive resource
Ocean: Cold Methane
Methane catastrophe
Clathrate gun hypothesis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Typhoon Tip - Wikipedia
William Ruddiman: The Anthropogenic Greenhouse Era Began Thousands of Years Ago
The Anthropogenic Greenhouse Era Began Thousands of Years Ago (Distinguished Lecture)
Climate Science
Glaciers of Antartica - 400K years of data
British scientist calls US climate sceptics 'loonies' | The Register
Sea Ice Decline Intensifies: Figure 1
Arctic Ice Cap Shrank Sharply This Summer, Experts Say - New York Times
Climate Feedback Mechanisms and Human Response
Study: Sun's Changes to Blame for Part of Global Warming
TomDispatch - Tomgram: Mike Davis, Has the Age of Chaos Begun?
BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Water builds the heat in Europe
thevilla23 comments on ELI5: Why does life on other planets need to depend on water? Could it not have evolved to depend on another substance?
All the water and all the air
The New York Review of Books: The Coming Meltdown
CNN/TIME - America's Best: Deciphering the ice: Lonnie Thompson
National Geographic Adventure Mag.: Glaciologist Lonnie Thompson on Alaska's Bona-Churchill Glacier
ABC News: Could Global Warming Become a Runaway Train?
WorldChanging: Another World Is Here: The Debate is Over (Bush admits climate change)
A Few Things Ill Considered: How to Talk to a Global Warming Sceptic
Beyond The Ivory Tower: The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change -- Oreskes 306 (5702): 1686 -- Science
Science | Greenpeace International Climate change is a reality
Case Closed: The Debate about Global Warming is Over
Joint science academies’ statement: Global response to climate change
Climate science 2005: Major new discoveries
Climate Change: Discovery of Global Warming
Is Climate Change Real? | DeSmogBlog
Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis
Rising Tide UK | Taking Action on the Root Causes of Climate Change
Stop Climate Chaos Take Action
Science & Technology at Scientific The Flipping Point -- How the evidence for anthropogenic global warming has converged to cause this environmental skeptic to make a cognitive flip
:: :: Reviews :: An Inconvenient Truth
Center For Climate Systems Research: Mapping the Future of World Population
Independent: James Lovelock: The Earth is about to catch a morbid fever that may last as long as 100,000 years
Planetary Maintenance Engineer By Gwynne Dyer
algae symbiont "global warming" - Google Scholar
NOAA Paleoclimatology Program - Jones and Mann 2004 Temperature Reconstructions
Global Warming Articles- Global Warming, Alternate Energy, Climate Change, Energy Efficient Homes
Global Warming Myths and Lies | PeakOilDesign
Environmental News and Humor | Grist
Climate Debate Daily
The Vulcan Project | Plots (major pollution emitters in US)
Freeman Dyson: The Question of Global Warming - The New York Review of Books
The Science of Doom | Evaluating and Explaining Climate Science
What'sUpWithThatWatts, et al.: "Denier land: How deniers view global warming"
What'sUpWithThatWatts, et al.: The illusion of a warming slow down examined
Climate Effects on Human Evolution | The Smithsonian Institution's Human Origins Program

Earth Science World - Gateway to the Geosciences
Geology and Earth Science
Essays on Geology, History, and People
Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, The University of Arizona
Earth History
MetEd » free collection of learning resources for the geoscience community.

New Scientist Breaking News - Millions of bacterial species revealed underfoot
The Most Dangerous Bacteria -
Bruce Sterling: "Bitter Resistance" (bacteria)
ilovebacteria - Fun science for kids!
BBC - h2g2 - Mitochondrial Eve - An Explanation - A703199
L. R. Franklin, Bacteria, sex, and systematics | PhilPapers
Asteroids Caused the Early Inner Solar System Cataclysm (not comets, see below)
NOVA | Origins | PBS
HowStuffWorks "Weird Life" - Are plasma crystals alive?
Physicists Discover Inorganic Dust With Lifelike Qualities
From plasma crystals and helical structures towards inorganic living matter
Meteorites are rich in the building blocks of life, claims new research
Edge: Is Life Analog Or Digital?
Panspermia - Wikipedia
The Star Larvae Hypothesis_Beyond Darwin and Intelligent Design
Cosmic Ancestry: The modern version of panspermia. by Brig Klyce
BBC - Science & Nature - Space - Life from a Comet?
Cometary panspermia explains the red rain of Kerala
BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Searching for 'our alien origins' (Kerala)
Natural Genesis
Iceman photoscan: complete photographic documentation of the body of the Iceman mummy
The Human Origins Program at the Smithsonian Institution
BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | CO2 'highest for 650,000 years'
RealClimate » 650,000 years of greenhouse gas concentrations 650 000 années de concentrations de gas à effet de serre
The Seattle Times: Nation & World: The truth about global warming
BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Stark warning over climate change
What Are Climate Models? What Do They Do? « Climate Science: Roger Pielke Sr.
James' Empty Blog: The consistently wrong chronicles
How reliable are climate models?
Detection of Climate Change and Attribution of Causes
Does Urban Heat Island effect exaggerate global warming trends?
Arguments from Global Warming Skeptics and what the science really says
MIT Press Journals - World Policy Journal - The Reality of Global Warming: Catastrophies Dimly Seen
John Baez: earth
Biological diversity in a changing world — Philosophical Transactions B

RedNova News - Science - The Global Challenge of Sustainable Consumption
Joint Centre for Bioethics: Global Experts Rank Top 10 Nanotechnology Applications to Aid Poor
Small Times: Nanotech
Foresight Institute: NanoTech
Crucial physical and informational technologies: Nanosystems
TUNA project: Theory Underpinning Nanotech Assemblers
Engines of Creation - K. Eric Drexler : Table of Contents
nanoHUB - resource for nanoscience and technology

The Prion Theory | Nova: Do Prions Exist?
The Origin of Life: The Sweet Crystal Hypothesis
The Definition of Life By Joseph Morales
Future +250 "Pangea Ultima" will form 250 million years in the Future
Jared Diamond: Why Did Human History Unfold Differently On Different Continents For The Last 13,000 Years?
Edge: The Nature of Normal Human Variety: A Talk with Armand Leroi
Background Briefing: 12 January  2003  - Why Societies Collapse: Jared Diamond at Princeton University
LookSmart's FindArticles - Harper's Magazine: The last Americans: environmental collapse and the end of civilization - Report
Wired: Will We Ever Learn? Jared Diamond says society's future depends on what we take from the past
The New Yorker: Malcolm Gladwell: The Vanishing: Review of Collapse

From the Editors of Questioning Collapse: Requesting Full Disclosure and Correction of Factual Errors | fifteeneightyfour (whoah +this makes Nature look pretty bad)
Jared Diamond reviews book about himself in Nature (Journal) -- Without disclosing the obvious conflict
Questioning Collapse | Savage Minds
Anthropology on Jared Diamond - The World Until Yesterday | Anthropology Report
Real History versus Guns Germs and Steel - Anthropology 2.5
Anthro-Flop-ology - Lessons from public anthropology collections
West's Meditations: A reply to a comment on Savage Minds - This post is just an extended comment to Clare Sammells, an anthropologist who posted on the blog Savage Minds about Jared Diamond and his work. The original comment can be found at that link.
Jared Diamond Doesn’t Make Me Mad… | Savage Minds - Barbara King has a thoughtful piece up at Cosmos and Culture asking why Jared Diamond makes anthropologists so mad. I think its a good question, which Barbara has only partially answered. So I’d like to take a crack at it here. (+Brad DeLong in the comments)
Smallpox Evolved Earlier Than Believed, According To Molecular Clock Analysis -- ScienceDaily (but SA version was weaker)
Myths of the Spanish Conquest - Indigenous Allies & Politics of Empire
The Anti-Debt: First thoughts of Jared Diamond’s new book | Savage Minds
The world economy is not a tribute system — Crooked Timber - In a blogpost in July of last year, David Graeber talked about why he wrote Debt.
Gabriel Rosser **Rossman** on David Graeber's "Debt: The First 5000 Years" (Brad DeLong's Grasping Reality...)
Eric Wolf, Europe and People Without History--Geography,States,Empires
Ancient Greenland mystery has a simple answer, it seems - - Did the Norse colonists starve? Were they wiped out by the Inuit – or did they intermarry? No. Things got colder and they left.
Taylor & Francis Online :: The biological myth of human evolution - Contemporary Social Science - Volume 7, Issue 2

Artificial Anasazi
Talking Primates with Dr. Frans de Waal - 92Y Blog
PLoS Medicine: Why Most Published Research Findings Are False
Robert Trivers
NYR: Jared Diamond: Twilight at Easter
Shalizi: The Secret life of Plants: Evidence for complex, collective dynamics and emergent, distributed computation in plants
Researchers Work to Crack Code of Long Life
Formidable Fungus is World's Largest Organism
Timeship: Life Extension Research
The Great Southwest Salt Saga
Welcome to the PLANTS Database | USDA PLANTS
Electronic Biologia Centrali-Americana: text and plates
Real scientific names for animals, plants and bugs/sinsects
Mark Isaak: Curiosities of Biological Nomenclature
Molecules with Silly or Unusual Names
The Living Garden: entertainment experience, where nature comes to life with an extraordinary combination of movement, music and live interaction
The Fractal Organization of Nature: 3 conservation laws x 4 forces
Whole Systems
Survival of genetic homosexual traits explained
Human Universals... compiled by Donald E. Brown

Colorful bird: 10 Most Beautiful And Colorful Birds In The World
Animal Planet :: Spy on the Wild :: Bird Technology

Tool use confirmed in monkeys
NOAA: Acoustics Monitoring Program: 52 Hz sound - blue whale call?
Forest Conservation Portal -- Rainforest, Forest and Biodiversity Conservation News & Information
World Mysteries - Creation of Mankind by Lloyd Pye -- sounds like ID
Birth story in 100 pictures
ePalaeontology :: Paleontological Research Online
Paleontological Institute
UCMP Simple Specimen Search
A Guide to the Orders of Trilobites
Mike Munford: Human Prehistory
Love in the Time of Chasmosaurs
Astrobiology: The Living Universe
Exploring Space - The Quest for Life | PBS
Astrobiology Magazine
A Shadow Biosphere :: Astrobiology Magazine (undetected aliens on earth)
Are Antibiotics Killing Us? - Discover Magazine - science news articles online technology magazine articles Are Antibiotics Killing Us?
BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Tidal wave threat 'over-hyped' (Canary Islands/La Palma)
BBC - Science & Nature - Horizon - Mega-tsunami: Wave of Destruction
Canary Islands Landslides And Mega-Tsunamis: Should We Really Be Frightened?
Blackwell Synergy: Population & Development Review, Vol 31, Issue 2, pp. 201-236: The Next 50 Years: Fatal Discontinuities (Abstract)
Ten Ways the World Will End | Natural Disasters | DISCOVER Magazine
Natural Disasters: Top 10 U.S. Threats
End of the World: 10 Disasters That Could End It All At Any Given Second - Best of the Web Directory
Natural Disasters: Top 10 U.S. Threats
It's The End Of The World As We Know It...Again
Exit Mundi: collection of end-of-world scenarios
Dark Roasted Blend: One-In-A-Million Collisions
Evidence of largest asteroid impact zone on Earth found in Australian outback | Science | The Guardian - Scientists have discovered a giant asteroid impact zone spanning 400km in the central Australian outback, the largest ever recorded.
TEOTWAWKI: The End Of The World As We Know It | More Intelligent Life
VHEMT: The Voluntary Human Extinction Movement

Alaska Volcano Observatory
Ultimate List of Volcano Teaching Resources
MODIS Thermal Alerts Version 2.0
Damn How Bacteria Nearly Destroyed All Life
Damn Amoebic Morality
Search by Symptom -- - Indoor House Plants Database
Plant Information Online
Guide to Poisonous and Toxic Plants
Snakes of North America

David Ulansky: Mass Extinction Underway
Journal of Cosmology - The Next Mass Extinction: Human Evolution or Human Eradication Andrew R. Jones, Ph.D.
List of extinction events - Wikipedia
Holocene extinction - Wikipedia
Discovery of a new mass extinction ... a major extinction of life 233 million years ago that triggered the dinosaur takeover of the world. The crisis has been called the Carnian Pluvial Episode ... The cause was most likely massive volcanic eruptions in the Wrangellia Province of western Canada, where huge volumes of volcanic basalt was poured out and forms much of the western coast of North America.

Artificial intelligence finds surprising patterns in Earth's biological mass extinctions ... used machine learning to examine the co-occurrence of fossil species and found that radiations and extinctions are rarely connected, and thus mass extinctions likely rarely cause radiations of a comparable scale.
What is a 'mass extinction' and are we in one now? -- The Big Five
Paleontologist suggests 'great dying' 252 million years ago wasn't as bad as thought
Evolution after Chicxulub asteroid impact: Rapid response of life to end-cretaceous mass
Exploding stars may have caused mass extinction on Earth, study shows ... Devonian-Carboniferous boundary
In death of dinosaurs, it was all about the asteroid -- not volcanoes
Permo-Triassic biodiversity patterns could offer a window into our climate future

Earthquake Glossary

The Death of the Dinosaurs - - In the past few decades, as a consensus has calcified around the asteroid theory, perhaps no one has endured more ostracism than Dr. Keller, who has long pointed to enormous floods of lava in India, called the Deccan Traps, as an alternate explanation for the demise of three-quarters of all animal and plant life. But her sojourn in the academic wilderness may be ending as more evidence emerges for the deadliness of these volcanoes

Pan-Starrs - Panoramic Survey Telescope & Rapid Response System - Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii
Timeline : Mass Extinctions : Discovery Channel
A history of mass extinctions on Earth
Extinction event - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Green Overrun: 9 Examples of Apocalyptic Extinction-Level Events
The Middle and Late Cycladic Periods in the Central Aegean Islands
The world, when the Black Sea flooded
Historical Timeline 4 Million B.C.
Toba catastrophe theory - Wikipedia
Toba, Indonesia - 75,000 BC
Toba Volcano, ch. 1 - Introduction
Mount Toba and extinction
human, genetic bottleneck and volcano - Google Search
The KT-boundary Impact
K-T Meteor Impact: The evidence for extinction from meteoric impact at the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) border.
Shiva: Another K-T impact? :: Astrobiology Magazine - earth science - evolution distribution Origin of life universe - life beyond :: Astrobiology is study of earth science evolution distribution Origin of life in universe terrestrial
Volcanic eruptions wiped out ocean life 93 million years ago
Quaternary extinction event - Wikipedia
Dinosaur - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Why did nearly all life on Earth die 250 million years ago?
North American Comet Catastrophe 10,900 BC | MetaFilter
YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. Playlist: Younger Dryas (YD) Impact AGU Press Conference
Wikipedia: Deluge/Great Flood (mythology)
About the Great Flood « Constable Research B.V.
Climate, Culture, and Catastrophe in the Ancient World
Ancient Days :: A Universal Flood: 3000 BC :: by David Livingston
BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Great beasts peppered from space
Access : Mammoth tusks show up meteorite shower : Nature News
10 Greatest Major-Impact Craters on Earth : Environmental News Blog
Evidence for an extraterrestrial impact 12,900 years ago that contributed to the megafaunal extinctions and the Younger Dryas cooling -- Firestone et al., 10.1073/pnas.0706977104 -- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The Middle and Late Cycladic Periods in the Central Aegean Islands: Akrotiri on Thera, the Santorini Volcano
The Sky Is Falling
Extinctions: Cycles of Life and Death Through Time
Snowball Earth (and oxygenation)
Exit Mundi: A Collection Of End-Of-World Scenarios
101 Crazy Theories About Dinosaur Extinction
dinosaurs' end: gravitational hypothesis
The KT extinction
Extinction of the Dinosaurs
Strange Horizons Articles: Was There Ever a Dinosaur Civilization?, by Brian Trent
The KT-boundary Impact
Volcano Greenhouse Dinosaur Extinction Theory The Deccan Traps Volcanism-Greenhouse Dinosaur Extinction Theory
Bristol University | News from the University | Recovering from a Mass extinction
Seed: Suspending Life
Can Changes in Sea Level Cause Periods of Mass Extinction?—A Galaxy Exclusive
Two Planets Suffer Violent Collision (in stable solar system)
Existential risk - Wikipedia
The Real Biodiversity Crisis » American Scientist
Research News: Fossil Records Show Biodiversity Comes and Goes
The Past 40,000 Years: Are Human Evolving Faster? -A Galaxy Classic
Has the Earth/'s sixth mass extinction already arrived? : Nature : Nature Publishing Group
Richard Leakey and Roger Lewin: Sixth Extinction
NASA - Explosions in Space May Have Initiated Ancient Extinction on Earth