Hebrew Numbers with Gematria

Masculine 1 Feminine
Eh'ad           Ah'at
13     4 8 1       400 8 1 409
  2  
Shneyim   Shteyim
410/970 40/600 10 10 50 300   40/600 10 10 400 300 760/1320
  3  
Shlosha     Shalosh
641 5 300 6 30 300     300 6 30 300 636
  4  
Arba'a     Arba
278 5 70 2 200 1     70 2 200 1 273
  5  
H'amisha       H'amesh
363 5 300 10 40 8       300 40 8 348
  6  
Shisha             Shesh
605     5 300 300         300 300 600
  7  
Shiv'a         Sheva
377   5 70 2 300       70 2 300 372
  8  
Shmona   Shmona
401 5 50 6 40 300   5 50 6 40 300 401
  9  
Tish'a         Tesha
775 5 70 300 400         70 300 400 770
  10  
Assara         Esser
575 5 200 300 70         200 300 70 570


20 Masculine
Esserim  
620/1180   40/600 10 200 300 70
30  
Shloshim
686/1246 40/600 10 300 6 30 300
40  
Arbayim
322/883 40/600 10 70 2 200 1
50  
H'amishim
408/968 40/600 10 300 10 40 8
60  
Shishim    
650/1210     40/600 10 300 300
70  
Shiv'im  
422/1282   40/600 10 70 2 300
80  
Shmonim
446/1306 40/600 10 50 6 40 300
90  
Tish'im  
820/1380   40/600 10 70 300 400
100  
Mea      
45       5 1 40
1000  
Elef      
111/831       80/800 30 1


The Hebrew Alphabet consists of letter-numbers. The depth of this duality is seldom recognized. The numbers are the anatomy of the letters' physiology in the living unity of the alephbet.

The rules of masculine and feminine numbers are explained in Mislol (This is a classic work of Hebrew grammar of the late 18th century. The title page states that it is "by the great grammarian Chaim ben Naftali Hirtz Kesslin of Berlin, a descendant of the truly famous eminent scholar, the author of the Tosefot Yom Tov , Vilna 1858). There we find:

You can clearly see that the gender of numbers is indicated in reverse to other nouns that have Heh at their end to indicate being feminine, and masculine does not have a Heh. In the case of numbers up till ten, the masculine has Heh at the end, and in feminine there is no Heh. And so in shemonah ('eight') where the Nun has a Kamatz, it is masculine, and when the Nun has a Segol it is feminine. However, from ten and above, it is without Heh for masculine (achad asar, sheneim asar, sheloshah asar,etc. until tish'ah asar), while feminine is with Heh (achat esreih, sheteim esreih, shelosh esreih, etc. until tesha esreih). (p. 261)

Rabbi Avraham ibn Ezra wrote:

You should be aware that Heh at the end of a word is a sign of feminine. Only in arithmetic is this inverted for sheloshah, tish'ah, all of them are masculine, and the sign of the feminine is the dropping of the Heh - shalosh, arba, up to eser. And if they are put in construct form with a suffix Tav the masculine is mixed with the feminine. For example: lishloshet achayoteihem. (Job 1:4; Yesod ha'Dikduk which is Sefat Yeter, ed. Nechemiah Aloni, Mossad HaRav Kook, 1984, p. 168)       Parashat Noach 5762


The Tree of Life: Fundamental Powers: The Names of the Sephirot as Numbers
Suares: Letter-Numbers


Morim: Hebrew Numbers
Hebrew Numbering System
Hebrew Numbers
Hebrew Aleph-Bet and Letter as Numbers
Masculine and Feminine in Numbers
Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers
The Confusion of Hebrew Numbers
Jewish Encyclopedia: Numbers and Numerals
The Hebrew Numbering System by Simon Montagu





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